Understanding & Treatment Options for Plantar Fasciitis
What is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. The thick band of tissue (plantar fascia) that supports the arch of your foot becomes irritated and inflamed, causing a stabbing pain, especially in the mornings after waking up. The pain may get better as you move but returns the next morning or after long periods of rest. If you are experiencing symptoms, schedule a consultation online today with one of our premier podiatrists in South Florida to explore proper treatments.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia is repetitively strained over time, and the tissue fibers begin to tear causing pain and inflammation. The condition is common among athletes, those suffering from obesity, and people who work on their feet all day. More risk factors of heel pain include:
- Obesity: Excess pounds stress the plantar fascia.
- Age: Plantar fasciitis is common in individuals between the ages of 40 and 60.
- Foot Mechanics: Having a flat foot, a high arch or way of walking that stresses the plantar fascia.
- Lifestyle: Dancers, athletes who run, people who work on their feet, and women who wear high heels are more likely to experience heel pain.
Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis
- Inflammation and pain on the bottom of the foot and the heel
- Pain during and after physical activity
- Pain in the morning or after long periods of rest
- Growth of a heel spur, a bony growth under the heel bone
- Rest: Decrease the activities that cause heel pain.
- Ice: Roll the foot over cold water or ice for 20 minutes throughout the day.
- NSAIDs: Drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen are used to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Orthotics: Arch support to help properly distribute pressure.
- Physical therapy: Exercises designed to stretch the plantar fascia stabilize the ankle and heel.
- Cortisone injections: Steroids used to provide temporary relief in the tender area.
A plantar fascia release is used in extreme cases to detach the plantar fascia from the heel bone and remove heel spurs as well.
How to Prevent Heel Pain
Steps to take to avoid developing heel pain are:
- Wear proper shoes for physical activity.
- Wear shoes that fit well and have proper support for your arch.
- Avoid wearing shoes with excessive wear on heels or soles
- Always warm up and stretch before and after exercising.
- Lose weight if you are battling from obesity.
If you are experiencing plantar fasciitis symptoms, schedule an appointment online or over the phone at 305.853.5151 with one of our premier podiatrists in South Florida to explore the proper treatment for you.
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