Understanding & Treatment Options for Corns & Calluses


Differences Between Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are hard and thick areas of skin that develop on the feet when the skin in response to constant pressure and friction. Calluses occur when the skin thickens on the bottom of the foot while corns arise when the skin thickens at the top of the foot or toe. Luckily they are not life-threatening but can become painful if they grow too thick.

What Causes Corns and Calluses?

They usually occur when the toe rubs against shoes or from excessive from pressure and friction on the feet. More causes  include:

  • Ill-fitting shoes: Tight shoes and high heels can compress the feet while loose footwear may cause your foot to slide and rub against the shoe repeatedly.
  • Not wearing socks: Wearing shoes and sandals without socks can cause friction on your feet.
  • Pre-existing conditions: Conditions like bunions, hammertoe, and other deformities increase the chances of developing corns and calluses.
difference between corns and calluses

What are the Symptoms?

You may have either a corn or a callus if you notice:

  • Thick and rough area of skin on the feet
  • Pain and tenderness pain under the skin
  • A raised and bump on the feet
  • Flaky, dry or waxy skin

Treatments Options

If the corn or callus isn't bothering you, it may not require treatment. Investigating the causes can help with determining the proper treatment. Treatments options include:

  • Using acrylic acid to dissolve the dead skin
  • Trimming away the excess skin with a scalpel
  • Shoe inserts can help if you have an underlying foot deformity
  • Cortisone injections may be provided if you are experiencing extreme pain
  • Surgery may be recommended to correct the alignment of the bone, causing friction.

Prevention Methods

The following measures can be used to prevent them from developing:

  • Wear socks and shoes that fit properly.
  • Wash the feet every day with a scrubbing brush.
  • Use a pumice stone or foot file to remove the skin gently.
  • Use protective coverings like gel and felt pads to decrease friction and pressure.

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