FOOT AND ANKLE CONDITIONS

Ankle, Foot, and Lower Leg Surgical Specialists
in the Florida Keys

FOOT AND ANKLE CONDITIONS

Our complete guide to the most common foot and ankle conditions. 

If you are experiencing pain from an injury or ongoing condition in the foot, ankle, or lower leg please give us a call at 305.853.5151 or use our online appointment scheduler to request an appoint with one of our doctors.

ANKLE SPRAINS

An ankle sprain is an injury where one or more ligaments in the ankle are stretched and torn beyond their limits during physical activity. Ankle sprain symptoms include pain, tenderness, instability, swelling, inflammation, bruising, and a pop in the joint.

ARTHRITIS

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints causing symptoms like pain, swelling, stiffness, and loss of function throughout the body.  Arthritis in the feet can result in loss of mobility, but early diagnosis and treatment can help alleviate symptoms.

BONE FRACTURES

Ankle fractures occur when the ankle joint is stretched beyond limits, and there are one or more breaks in the bone. Ankle fracture symptoms include pain tenderness, swelling, blisters, bruising, inflammation, difficulty walking, and bone protruding through the skin.

CORNS & CALLUSES

Corns and calluses are hard, thick areas of skin on the feet from constant pressure and friction. Corns and calluses can become painful if they grow too thick. Symptoms include pain and tenderness, thick and waxy skin, and a raised bump on the foot.

FOOT DEFORMITIES

A bunion is a bony bump on the joint where the big toe meets the foot. Pressure on the joint forces the big toe to bend towards the second toe, often causing a painful lump. Bunion symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, redness, and thick skin around the big toe joint.

DIABETIC FOOT CARE

Diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when blood glucose levels are too high causing serious damage to the eyes, heart, feet, kidney, and nerves. If left untreated diabetics can suffer from diabetic foot ulcers that can lead to gangrene and amputation of the foot.

GOUT

Gout is a form of arthritis that develops when high levels of uric acid from steak, seafood, and alcohol to build up in the blood. High levels of urate crystals in the joints can cause severe pain, inflammation, and swelling in the foot, especially the big toe joint.

INGROWN TOENAIL

Ingrown toenails are a common condition where the nail grows into the skin of the toe, causing pain, redness, and swelling. If left untreated, ingrown toenails can develop an infection, which can lead to more serious problems, that needs removal by a podiatrist.

PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY

Peripheral neuropathy is a condition where the nerves that communicate information from the brain to the rest of the body are damaged. Neuropathy symptoms include weakness, numbness, chronic pain, impaired muscle movement, and lack of coordination.

PLANTAR FASCIITIS

Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain that occurs when the thick band of tissue that supports the arch of your foot becomes irritated and inflamed. Plantar fasciitis symptoms include pain, inflammation, heels spurs, and a sharp pain after periods of rest.

PLANTAR WARTS

Plantar warts are warts that appear on the sole of the feet when a virus enters the body through tiny cuts or breaks on the bottom of the foot. Plantar wart symptoms include grainy growth or lesions, wart seeds in the skin, and pain and tenderness when walking.

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disorder where the body attacks the joints causing joint pain, inflammation, and swelling. RA is the most severe form of arthritis and can cause bone erosion, joint deformity, and loss of mobility if left untreated.

COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME

Complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic pain condition that affects the arm, leg, and extremities after a traumatic injury like a fracture, amputation, or heart attack. CRPS symptoms include hypersensitivity, decreased mobility, chronic pain, muscle weakness, joint swelling, and changes to the hair and skin.

ANKLE TENDON INJURIES

Tendon injuries occur when the thick bands of fibrous tissue in the Achilles tendon are under constant stress and tear over time. The different types of tendon injuries include ruptures, tendonitis, and bursitis. This causes pain, swelling, stiffness, fluid at the joints (bursitis) and loss of motion in the tendons.

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